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9 Best Types of Staircase Designs That Bridge the Gap Between Two Floors and Beautify Your House

9 min read
Jul 11, 2024 Nov 21, 2023
9 Best types of staircase design

Table of Contents

Introduction to Staircase Designs

Whether it is a large or small space staircase design, it is crucial as it significantly affects a space’s overall aesthetics and functionality. A well-designed staircase can enhance the architectural features of a building, create a sense of grandeur, and leave a lasting impression on visitors.

Moreover, it ensures safe and convenient vertical circulation between different levels, accommodating the needs of users of all ages and abilities.

The purpose of this article is, to let you know how staircase design for small spaces to large spaces combines modern aesthetics with elegance while effectively utilizing spaces.

It gives you better ideas of both modern and traditional types of staircase designs, incorporating elements like staircase railing and glass staircase design. Additionally, the article addresses essential aspects such as safety considerations and proper staircase maintenance.

A well-designed contemporary staircase can significantly enhance the atmosphere of any space, be it a home or an office. For top-notch architectural services catering to your needs in Pune, look no further than Alacritys Architecture in Pune.

Why Does Staircase Design Matter?

A staircase design plan plays a crucial role in the overall aesthetic of your home. It sets the tone for the entire space and can make a lasting impression on anyone who enters.

It is important to consider how you can plan your staircase design for small spaces to large areas that complement and enhance your home’s style.

It must provide a seamless transition between different levels of your home and offer comfort and ease of use by focusing on aesthetics and functionality.

Creating a Staircase Design Plan | Factors to Consider

Before embarking on your treads and risers design journey, creating a comprehensive staircase design plan is essential. The well-thought-out below bullet points will help you visualize the final result.

  • Determine the purpose and functionality of your staircase.
  • The layout of your home, the available space, the safety point of view, and the desired functionality of the staircase are based on whether kids in the home or elders are there if any.
  • The number of people using the staircase, the traffic flow, and any specific requirements you may have, like the number of steps and their dimensions even when it comes to staircase design for small spaces.
  • The riser height of any staircase should be 100-125 mm. Ultimately, this will not harm your knees’ health and your heart as well.
  • Elements of design such as color, material, or finish.
Factors to consider while design staircase

Once you clearly understand your requirements and limitations, start exploring different staircase designs and materials. For more staircase design plans, you can check out options at Houzz.

Staircase Construction: Balancing Safety and Aesthetics

The construction process of a staircase involves the following steps keeping in mind:

Crucial Steps to Construct Sturdy Staircase
  • Determine Height and Width: Measure the vertical distance between floors to determine the height of each flight and the horizontal distance to determine the width.
  • Calculate Risers and Treads: Use height and width measurements to calculate the number of risers and treads needed for each flight.
  • Assume Waist Slab Thickness: Determine the suitable thickness for the waist slab, providing support to the treads and risers.
  • Calculate Total Load: Determine the total load the staircase will bear, including users and furniture weight.
  • Find Maximum Bending Moment: Calculate the maximum bending moment at critical sections to ensure structural integrity.
  • Design Reinforcement: Based on load calculations, design reinforcement details using appropriate size and spacing of rebars for the waist slab, treads, and risers.

All these steps are crucial for constructing a safe and sturdy staircase.

Also, instead of all this, you can use Precast stairs ready to set in the area of your choice. You can opt for the various choices through Elematic or Precast India, Mannock, and Arto Precast.

1. Straight Staircase 

Straight staircase design
Image source- Home Stratosphere

The straight flight stairs are the most common type, characterized by their simplicity and continuous straight run of steps from the bottom to the top.

This Straight Staircase design makes it suitable for a wide range of spaces, especially with limited floor area. This space-saving nature makes it ideal in staircase design for small spaces.

A typical straight flight stair provides a direct and efficient path between levels, ensuring safety for users of all ages and abilities.

Straight flight staircase design plan with proper Handrails and glass objects on one or both sides gives additional support and security.

Whether classic, traditional, modern, or minimalist, straight stairs can seamlessly blend with the overall design scheme.

2. Dog-Legged Staircase

Dog legged staircase design
Img source- Housing.com

Dog-legged stairs The name “dog-legged” is derived from the resemblance of the stairs to the way dogs’ hind legs are positioned when they walk, with one set of legs placed behind the other.

Dog-legged staircases with front elevation are an excellent choice for areas with limited space.

Despite the change in direction, the landing in the middle provides a resting point, ensuring convenience and ease of use for users ascending or descending the Dog-legged staircase plan and section.

Dog-legged stairs find common applications in both residential and commercial buildings.

When planning a dog-legged staircase with front elevation, it ensures an optimal design that complements the overall aesthetics of your space.

3. Circular Staircase

Circular staircase design
Img source-: Pinterest

A circular or round staircase is a stunning architectural feature that revolves around a central axis, forming a circular, round, or spiral shape.

This staircase design adds a touch of sophistication to any residential homes or commercial spaces, offices, historical buildings, and outdoor areas like gardens or terraces and creates a visually striking focal point.

The winding handrail that follows the curvature of the Circular stairs ensures both support and safety for users as they ascend or descend. Still, it’s essential to consider the age and needs of the family members before making a circular staircase design.

The versatility of circular stairs allows them to be constructed using various materials, including wood, metal, glass, or a combination. For elegant glass staircase design options, consider exploring offerings from Ais Glass and Saint Gobain India or check out various options on Pinterest.

4. Spiral Staircase

Spiral staircase design
Img source: ladders UK direct

spiral staircase is a circular staircase design with a continuous, winding design shaped like a helix, where the steps wrap around a central column or pole.

Spiral staircase designs have been utilized for centuries in various architectural styles like historical buildings, museums, libraries, churches, and other spaces where functionality and aesthetics play a vital role.

The central column, pole, or newel post is the primary support in spiral staircase elevation, ensuring the staircase’s structural stability.

The spiral staircase elevation, especially its steps outward from this central point, gets compactness and sturdiness even when it comes to staircase design for small spaces. This gives the best look, safety features, and support as they ascend or descend the staircase.

Spiral staircases can be constructed using various materials, including wood, metal (e.g., wrought iron, steel), glass, or a combination. For various steel and metal options, consider exploring Tata Steel and JSW Steel to choose from.

Factors to consider while design Staircase Plan

Most spiral staircase plans include a handrail that follows the curvature of the stairs, providing essential support and safety for users as they navigate the spiral path.

5. Open Newel Staircase

Open newel staircase design
Img source-: Pinterest

An Open newel stair, also known as an open-stringer staircase, is a captivating design showcasing visible and exposed stringers on one or both sides of the stairs.

The Modern staircase design plan proudly displays its exposed stringers, allowing light and air to flow more freely and creating a captivating sense of openness and elegance.

This type of staircase design is often preferred in modern and contemporary interior designs, especially in areas with abundant natural light.

The open newel stair offers a plethora of customization to choose different materials for the steps, handrails, balusters, and newel posts. The staircase can be designed in various styles and materials, such as turned wood or metal.

6. Bifurcated Stairs

Bifurcated stairs
Img source-: Pinterest

A bifurcated stair is an exquisite staircase design that splits into two separate flights of stairs, usually at the landing.

The landing acts as a platform and resting point for users. This landing enhances safety and allows for comfortable changes in direction without the need for tight turns.

Bifurcated stairs are commonly found in larger homes, luxurious buildings, hotels, and historical structures, adding grandeur to the overall ambiance.

The design possibilities for this type of staircase are vast, ranging from classic and traditional to modern and contemporary styles.

You can customize the design with a choice of construction materials such as wood, stone, metal, or glass staircase design. Also, you can think of a combination of all with good handrail designs and balustrade styles. These perfectly match any architectural theme.

For premium metal options, consider referring to various steel sites like Hindalco and NMDC Steel.

7. L-shaped/ Quarter turn staircase

L shaped Quarter turn staircase
Img source: Keuka Studio

The L-shaped stair or Quarter turn stair features a 90-degree turn, forming an elegant and visually pleasing L shape.

This versatile design can be adapted to different spaces, making it a popular choice in residential and commercial buildings.

The L-shaped staircase design consists of two straight flights of stairs connected by a landing, creating the distinct “L” shape.

The landing and handrails of the L-shaped staircase act as a resting point and ensure necessary support and stability for users to change direction when ascending or descending the stairs.

This configuration offers a convenient and aesthetically pleasing way to access different levels within a house or building.

8. U-shaped staircase

U shaped modern stair ideas
Img source: Demax Staircase and Railing

The U-shaped or curved stair design features a 90-degree turn but offers a unique and distinctive design. Two steps run parallel in this configuration, creating a graceful U shape.

The landing in this type of staircase provides a natural and comfortable transition for users as they change direction while ascending or descending the stairs. It also enhances support and safety for users navigating the stairs.

Handrails in the staircase design plan can be designed using various materials and styles, allowing for overall design and aesthetics to be customized.

This spacious U-shaped stair landing enhances convenience and serves as an attractive and functional area, offering space for decorative elements or even additional seating.

It is not recommended in staircase design for small spaces. This goes with large spaces, commercial areas, public places, hotels, office complexes, and public institutions, where it exudes a grand and luxurious ambiance. For more options in curved stair design refer to the Houzz.

9. Cantilevered Staircase

Cantilever Staircase
Img source: Grand Design Stairs

cantilevered stair, also known as a floating stair or hanging stair, is a truly remarkable and visually stunning staircase design that creates the illusion of steps “floating” without the need for traditional supports like risers, stringers, or balusters.

The cantilevered stairs rely on concealed structural elements to provide support, giving the impression that each step is suspended mid-air.

The absence of traditional supports allows these stairs to create an open and airy atmosphere, allowing light and air to flow freely throughout the area and enhancing the overall ambiance.

The steps of these stairs are ingeniously anchored to a load-bearing wall or hidden steel beams within the building’s structure. For various steel options, refer to the best steel options in India.

Cantilever stairs are the perfect choice for modern and contemporary interior design and this is the staircase design for small spaces to large spaces.

Based on the desired aesthetic and structural requirements, these stairs can be designed using various materials, such as wood, metal, glass, or a combination. Check out PGP First if you’re looking for elegant glass staircase designs.


The possibilities are endless, from modern trends to traditional well-designed staircases.

By choosing the right staircase and incorporating different elements of your choices, you can add a touch of elegance and sophistication to your staircase.

So why wait?

Transform your space with an exquisite staircase design. Visit Alacritys and let our team of experts turn your vision into reality.

So now you have all the different staircase design plans, from traditional to modern, Alacritys is asking you –

  • How will you choose the right design for your staircase from the above options?
  • Which staircase plan would you choose for the safety of family members?
  • Do you prefer a plan for a staircase with a modern touch or a staircase that embodies a traditional look and why?


Which staircase design is best for small spaces?

Spiral, cantilevered, open newel, or straight staircases are compact and sturdy and can be installed in smaller spaces. They provide the appropriate look, safety features, and support for users.

What are the different types of staircases?

Types of Staircases-

Straight staircase
Dog-legged staircase
Circular staircase
Spiral staircase
Open newel staircase
Bifurcated stair
L-shaped/Quarter turn staircase
U-shaped staircase
Cantilevered staircase

What is the ideal height of a riser?

Staircase risers should be between 100 to 125 mm high.

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